Traditions and customs of Koreans
Basically, Koreans living in Russia today, are descendants of Koreans who migrated from the Northern part of Korea to Russia, in search of a better life. This happened, according to the documents, about 1864, although there is evidence that Koreans had settled before this time.
Russia is in General very favourably disposed towards Korean settlers. Seeing the peacefulness and diligence of the Koreans, Russia has not only allowed them to settle and work the land of the Primorsky territory, but also gave them their citizenship. The Koreans, who took Russian citizenship, began to consider it as their Homeland.
What actually makes people and Koreans to identify themselves as such? There are three markers that can be identificati Korean: last name, cuisine and traditions. To feel Korean, to save, first of all, the spirit of the people. And he is in compliance with the traditions, customs and ceremonies of this people. Not careful in their observance, and the preservation of the spirit.
Koreans, brought up on Confucian norms in relation to country, once in Russia, consider these States as their homeland.
Ancestors and parents. The worship of the ancestors of the Koreans changed from honoring ancestors to the fourth knee to the honoring of parents.
Spouses. Despite the fact that women sometimes earning more than her husband, had acquired economic independence and gradually play a leading role in the family, they continue, at least until, say husband head the family.
Children. Today the Koreans children that boy, that girl, have the same love, unlike past times. If in the family there is no boy, then it is not considered a tragedy and perceived by people quietly. But still any 40 years ago things were different. The birth of a girl was perceived by some as a tragedy. “The daughter upset the parents twice: when born and when married” – the Koreans have a saying. Today, the girl happy no less than the birth of a boy, at least among the Koreans .
Mourning and funerals. They also underwent a strong change: from throwing dead bodies in a field, wrapped in straw mats, and complex Confucian norms, mourning and burial ceremonies in the recent past to simplistic variants tailored to the reality of today. From shrines and tombs to small granite and marble monuments and cremation. From wooden memorial plaques – to photos and paper funeral leaves (ciban), which at the end of the mourning incinerated. From the remembrance of ancestors the third and fourth generation — to the remembrance only of the parents. The Koreans hold the mourning for three years. If a family has no sons, the funeral ceremony for the ancestors and parents fulfill daughter.
Holidays. The celebration of “collar”, “hansik”, “Tano”, “it’s thanksgiving” has more don’t play the important social role that before. Before the ceremonies showed the link between production activities and social relations, today it is not. In conclusion, I would like to say to those who for various reasons didn’t know anything about the customs, rituals, that they entered into the spirit of our people and felt, finally, who they are and felt a connection to the tribe, receiving the harmony and peace of mind.
Well said Pak Incik in his introduction to “the Martyrdom and history of Korea” [22, p. 106]:
“The ancients said that any country may die, but her story will live forever. So the country is a shell and her spirit. If the spirit is immortal, the shell can again be reborn. For example, as long as there is Judaism, scattered around the Jews do not mix with other peoples. India, too, ceased to exist as a state, but while the Brahmins observe the precepts of Hinduism, India will live forever”.
To paraphrase, you can say:
. we will feel the Koreans to until adhere to customs and traditions bequeathed by our ancestors.
Diligence, reverence for elders, the cult of education were considered and are now considered, the overriding virtue, including, and among Koreans, and is known throughout the world. A sense of reverence towards elders is so embedded in every Korean that wants it or not, sometimes unconsciously manifested.
In the basis of Korean customs and rituals is the desire for Order and Harmony. They must reign in the soul, in the family, in society, in the state. Thousands of years of such education, it is natural to assume that every Korean unconsciously strives for order and harmony.