Tradition of educating girls in Japan
In Japan, as in many countries, gender differences are reflected in the speech, style of clothing, choice of jobs, behaviour, etc. the Expression «resname”, which means “good wife and wise mother”, has often been used against women in the past. It is not so common today, but rooted in the subconscious of the Japanese. In the Edo period (1600 – 1868) the education of women was intended to prepare them from the “good wives”, able to do housework and to give birth to many children. The theory of resultaba was not because women were not responsible for the compulsory education of their children.
The demands of society towards women has changed in the Meiji era (1868 – 1912) with the introduction of the universal compulsory education. The expression «resname” came into use just at this time when women in addition to their conjugal and domestic duties become responsible for the education of their children. To be a good wife during the Meiji meant to become a support for her husband, whereas in the Edo period women were supposed simply to obey her husband. The education system in the Meiji era has focused on educating girls equally with boys, as it was believed that they will become mothers and to have a decisive impact on children’s education. In addition, they could become good teachers. As a result, women played a prominent role in an environment well-educated and well-mannered the Japanese, and today it is widely believed that women’s education became one of the most important factors in the rapid industrialization of Japan.
In the Taisho period (1912 – 1926) encouraged the desire of women to do business, as this was considered useful for their socialization; business woman also began to better understand my husband. However, the ideas of resultaba persisted, and women were not allowed anything to surpass men.
Currently, despite the fact that more than half of married women work, the stereotype of resultaba continues to exert a strong influence. Expecting women of conformity to the standard of “good wives and intelligent mothers”, Japanese society does not waive a long-standing tradition of the separation of roles for males and females, namely, the working man and woman engaged in housework.
According to Japanese traditions, to educate boys and girls should be different. In all families where there are girls, it is possible to observe the so-called social stereotype of “tenderness”. It manifests itself in different forms. First, almost all little girls have dressed up dolls called Rika-Chan the ning. These dolls have perfect figure, reflecting the view of Japanese about femininity. Why girls aspire to be like these dolls and identify with them. In addition to these dressed dolls has lots of toys that represent traditional destiny of women: miniature sewing machines, kitchen utensils and items of home care. In addition, many Japanese mothers love to put their daughters in pink or red skirt and lace blouse. They want their daughters were “graceful”, and girls are also trying to be feminine, as it expects them to society.
Even at such ceremonies, coming of age Day, weddings, mothers are often themselves the daughters of outfits, although these young women have not the children. Furisode (kimono with long sleeves), which puts the Japanese in the Day of age, – and expensive traditional attire, but her parents still spent on him because the kimono that enhances the beauty of girls and demonstrates the wealth of her family. Daughter wearing these clothes, because it’s so accepted in society and want their parents, even if it is a kimono they will wear for only one day.
In addition to attention to their clothing, mother daughters require participation in housework, but are rarely forced to do it their sons. They hope that the daughter would become “good wives” that will serve their husbands.
Of an elementary school student read more books than their peers boys. Girl reading fairy tales, biographies of famous women or stories for young girls and try to imitate the heroines read. Popular among young Japanese women and various clubs, sewing circles, many of them after school learning to play the piano or the art of calligraphy. But there are some kinds of extra-curricular activities that the girls are not recommended. These include football, basketball and other similar sections. Schoolgirl, however, can be called “managers” these sessions or in support groups to encourage boys involved in these sections.
Surprisingly powerful impact on the young Japanese has television: popular cartoon series cute young heroes fight with all the evil spirits, protecting women and children from danger. Girls in these serials help heroes, all of them with long hair, big eyes, perfectly composed and charming. Or they are friends of the main character, or care for the weak and the sick. In these series openly promotes a male perspective on the destiny of women: they should be submissive, kind, and attractive.