Tourist Information of Korea

The Republic Of Korea.

The name comes from the ethnonym, used in X—XIV centuries.

Capital. Seoul.

Area. 99 274 km².

Population. 47 thousand 904 people.

Flag Of South Korea

Location. South Korea is a country in northeastern Asia that occupies the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. In the North it borders with the Democratic people’s Republic of Korea, the East by the Japan sea, the South and South-East — the Korea Strait, on the West by the Yellow sea. South Korea is also home to several Islands, the largest of which is Cheju island, Cedo and However.

Administrative division. 9 provinces and 5 cities directly under the Central government.

The form of government. Republic.

The head of state. President.

The highest legislative body. Unicameral Parliament (the National Assembly).

The highest Executive body. The Council of state.

Major cities. Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju.

Official language. Korean.

Religion. 47% of Koreans practice Buddhism, 48% Christianity, 3 % — Confucianism.

The ethnic composition. 99.9% of the Koreans.

Currency. Bona = 100 conam.

Climate. The country’s climate is continental, with cold, dry winters and hot, humid summers. January temperature ranges from – 21 °C in the North to + 4 °C in the South, in July — respectively from + 22 °to + 26 °C. annual Precipitation varies from 900 mm to 1500 mm per year.

Flora. Approximately 2/3 of the territory (usually in the mountains) is covered with mixed coniferous-deciduous forests (pine, maple, spruce, poplar, elm, aspen). Above are Alpine and subalpine meadows. For typical coastal regions the bamboo, evergreen oak and Laurel.

Fauna. Previously lived in the country leopards, tigers, lynxes and bears have almost disappeared due to poaching.

Rivers and lakes. The main rivers — the Nakdong and the Han.

Attractions. National Museum, national science Museum, medieval palaces Hanbok, Kobok, Sangbok, the DAX, the Catholic Cathedral, the zoo and Botanical garden, five-story wooden pagoda. Pusak known as a major seaside resort.

Useful information for tourists

The traditional system of hierarchy and respect for elders still holds great importance in all spheres of life. Direct questions about age and marital status are considered to be commonplace, as they allow the Koreans to make representation about the interlocutor, and its place in the hierarchical system of society. Koreans to avoid expressing emotions in public, or laugh out loud in the presence of older people.

The welcome is always pronounced with a slight bow, the depth of which depends on the position of the speakers. When meeting shake and serve both right and left hand, although preference is given to the right — put the left arm under the right. Failure to do so may be regarded as impolite. More common just nod his head, as well as light or reverent bow (depending on who greets). Usually straight in the eyes do not look — it is perceived more as a threat or attempt to exert psychological pressure. Here almost never say “thank you” or “nothing”, so as not to embarrass the man who had the courtesy. When bringing gifts, leave them quietly when you enter and not show the person whom they are intended. Nobody will have to apologize, accidentally pushing a counter on the street or stepping on a foot. Public displays of affection, such as kissing and hugging is Considered indecent.

Not at the table starts eating until the eldest, and all rise when he steps out from behind the Desk.

During the meal you can’t leave chopsticks in the rice, as this is associated with funerals. Can’t write names in red ink — write the names of the deceased. Traditionally, Koreans sit, eat and sleep on the floor. Therefore, when entering a Korean home, always remove your shoes. It is impossible to stand on the threshold to keep out evil spirits. To talk about divorce, death, or devastation not even as a joke, so as not to bring yourself bad luck. It is considered indecent to be out with bare legs in the presence of elders, so it is recommended to always wear socks or stockings when visiting a Korean family.

Tipping in restaurants is not taken, the calculation is made not with the waiter, and at the box office, which is located at the exit. As such, menus in restaurants Korean cuisine is usually absent, all the names of the dishes and their prices are indicated on the table that hangs on the wall. Tips are given only in large international hotels.

In the elevators of high-rise buildings missing a fourth floor (the word “sa” — “fourth” sounds like “death”), so it is usually denoted by the letter “F” immediately follows the third to the fifth floor.

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