The Most vivid cultural traditions of Japan
November 03, November 3 in the land of the rising sun is universally celebrated culture Day is one of the major holidays of Japan. Today we will try to tell you about the most outstanding cultural features of this fascinating country
Culture day — this is one of the main festivals of the beautiful and mysterious Japan. Traditionally it is a popular day off, when all the Japanese finally can not work and spend time with benefits for the mind and soul. In General, Japan — a fascinating country to understand that the Europeans quite difficult: due to its geographical position, peculiarities of state policy and its ancient traditions was some kind of isolation of Japan from other countries. Therefore, its culture and aesthetics radically different from other countries. And the unique ability of Japanese people to admire momentary beauty of nature found expression in many art forms of Japan.
To begin with traditional Japanese architecture, which is an integral part of national culture. It is noteworthy that Japan is one of the few countries in the world until the mid nineteenth century the main material for construction was wood. By the way, all of the oldest wooden buildings in the world, preserved to our days, are located here. Among them the most revered monastery of Todai-JI temple, which is located in the ancient capital of Nara, and, in principle, is the largest wooden building in the world.
Probably one of the most interesting phenomena of Japanese culture, however, little known to the masses, ” Buddhist sculpture, which is a Prime example of canonical religious art. It for centuries, once found reproduced beautiful forms and images. To join this unique cultural heritage of the Country of the rising sun only in the temples, in the entourage of the ancient wooden pillars, traditional Oriental scents of incense and sound of prayers.
Have received wide recognition and popularity of Japanese prints, masterpieces of calligraphy and ceramics have long been jewels of the world’s best Museum collections. But, be that as it may, the best collection of these works of art can be seen by visiting the main treasure of the country – Tokyo national Museum, which is on the territory of the capital’s Ueno Park. Today his collections are more than one hundred twenty thousand unique exhibits the best works of different times different visual genres unique collection of applied art, weapons, military paraphernalia and wardrobe items.
Speaking on the subject of clothes, of course, we can not say about kimono – after all, this national costume, in particular, is a centuries-old cultural tradition of Japan, which did not influence neither the time nor the variability of the modern world.
The most interesting part of Japanese culture is the geisha. Literally from Japanese, the word «Gaza” translates as “artist”, indicating the main line and the calling of these women who have mastered the ability to entertain the public through dancing, singing and playing instruments. In European culture tends to associate geishas with women of easy virtue, but at least it’s a mistake, mostly – insult. Tea ceremony, casual conversation – why go to the geisha. The birthplace of geisha – Kyoto. and for many years this city was a stronghold for representatives of this profession. In modern Japan geishas, the number does not exceed a thousand. Even visitors to the famous gion district in Kyoto, most likely, will meet dressed extras to learn this craft and Oh so easy!
Tea ceremony in Japan – this is an incredibly complex ritual. After all, in order to learn how to drink tea in Japanese, might need more than one year! Now for foreigners who wish to become familiar with the ancient traditions of tea ceremonies, even preparatory courses. Tell them the basic rules of conduct during the tea party – like how to sit correctly on the Mat, what should be the depth of the bow, how to hold the bowl and other “little things” that are so important to the Japanese.
Traditional Kabuki theater is a wonderful synthesis of music, singing, dance and drama. Performances are held in large, specially equipped premises. It is noteworthy that there are very clearly different acting roles, and all the female roles are performed by actors-men — onnagata. According to ancient tradition, the role of stage names and made to pass native or adopted son or pupil. Leading acting dynasty Japan include many generations. The basic repertoire of the Kabuki theatres – classical plays in the canonical version. The most famous of modern Kabuki theatres you can visit in Tokyo. which this year has opened after a long renovation.