In the Korean language South Korea is called Thehonmaru (대한민국 listen (i ) . 大韓民國. The reduction of the full name, Hanguk ( 한국 ) or in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, the Nam Khan ( 남한 ), is more common. The word Khan refers to the ancient tribal unions Samhan. The word “Korea” comes from the name of the ancient States of Koryo and early Goguryeo. located on the territory of modern South Korea, the DPRK. China and Far East Russia .
The history of South Korea begins with the Soviet-American agreements in the late summer of 1945 about the division of spheres of influence in the Peninsula. Under this agreement the portion of Korea South of the 38th parallel passed under the jurisdiction of the USA, while the North is under the jurisdiction of the Soviet Union.
In the country’s history alternated periods of democratic and authoritarian governance. The civilian governments in the country are numbered from the First Republic of Syngman Rhee to the current Sixth Republic. First Republic. democratic in the beginning, became increasingly autocratic until its end in 1960. The second Republic was based on democratic principles, but was overthrown in less than a year, after which the country has a military government. Third. The fourth and Fifth Republic was nominally considered democratic, but it is believed that they were a continuation Continue reading
November 03, November 3 in the land of the rising sun is universally celebrated culture Day is one of the major holidays of Japan. Today we will try to tell you about the most outstanding cultural features of this fascinating country
Culture day — this is one of the main festivals of the beautiful and mysterious Japan. Traditionally it is a popular day off, when all the Japanese finally can not work and spend time with benefits for the mind and soul. In General, Japan — a fascinating country to understand that the Europeans quite difficult: due to its geographical position, peculiarities of state policy and its ancient traditions was some kind of isolation of Japan from other countries. Therefore, its culture and aesthetics radically different from other countries. And the unique ability of Japanese people to admire momentary beauty of nature found expression in many art forms of Japan.
To begin with traditional Japanese architecture, which is an integral part of national culture. It is noteworthy that Japan is one of the few countries in the world until the mid nineteenth century the main material for construction was wood. By the way, all of the oldest wooden buildings in the world, preserved to our days, are located here. Among them Continue reading
Holidays Japan holidays stand out among other countries of the East their specificity and originality. This is caused by the special mentality of the Japanese people, its traditions, respect your roots. Japan is a country that combines all the good that was still in her “reclusive” century, and the best that borrowed during the last century in other countries. Regarding holidays, the country is still faithful to its beliefs and traditions, many national holidays are similar to European, they surprise with their themed and delight at the same time. An example is the gion festival, held annually in July.
It is conducted on the streets of the gion district of this ancient capital Kyoto, which is located 200 miles from the modern capital Tokyo. In Kyoto it is an ancient Shinto Shrine, Yasaka Shrine. The roots of this tradition go back to the year 869, when the capital broke out in a terrible plague. To stop this, the messenger of the Emperor went to the temple, Yasaka Shrine – the temple of the God susanoo (when the temple had another name – Giosa). By order of the Emperor before a temple was established 66 halberds – as much as it was of Japan’s provinces at the time. Residents also prayed to the gods for healing. The Emperor and the people believed that halberds have magical significance and eliminate the epidemic. Continue reading