In Japan, as in many countries, gender differences are reflected in the speech, style of clothing, choice of jobs, behaviour, etc. the Expression «resname”, which means “good wife and wise mother”, has often been used against women in the past. It is not so common today, but rooted in the subconscious of the Japanese. In the Edo period (1600 – 1868) the education of women was intended to prepare them from the “good wives”, able to do housework and to give birth to many children. The theory of resultaba was not because women were not responsible for the compulsory education of their children.
The demands of society towards women has changed in the Meiji era (1868 – 1912) with the introduction of the universal compulsory education. The expression «resname” came into use just at this time when women in addition to their conjugal and domestic duties become responsible for the education of their children. To be a good wife during the Meiji meant to become a support for her husband, whereas in the Edo period women were supposed simply to obey her husband. The education Continue reading