In the Korean language South Korea is called Thehonmaru (대한민국 listen (i ) . 大韓民國. The reduction of the full name, Hanguk ( 한국 ) or in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, the Nam Khan ( 남한 ), is more common. The word Khan refers to the ancient tribal unions Samhan. The word “Korea” comes from the name of the ancient States of Koryo and early Goguryeo. located on the territory of modern South Korea, the DPRK. China and Far East Russia .
The history of South Korea begins with the Soviet-American agreements in the late summer of 1945 about the division of spheres of influence in the Peninsula. Under this agreement the portion of Korea South of the 38th parallel passed under the jurisdiction of the USA, while the North is under the jurisdiction of the Soviet Union.
In the country’s history alternated periods of democratic and authoritarian governance. The civilian governments in the country are numbered from the First Republic of Syngman Rhee to the current Sixth Republic. First Republic. democratic in the beginning, became increasingly autocratic until its end in 1960. The second Republic was based on democratic principles, but was overthrown in less than a year, after which the country has a military government. Third. The fourth and Fifth Republic was nominally considered democratic, but it is believed that they were a continuation Continue reading
The culture of any people is revealed in his kitchen. After all, food is, perhaps, the first thing that appears in any society, is transformed over time, acquiring features characteristic of each stage of the development of the nation.
Korean cuisine is no exception. Probably the best-known Korean dish can be called kimchi – Korean pickled cabbage. Without him is unthinkable, no Korean meal. It fully reflects the theme of Korean food: “acute and tasty”. The oldest mention of this dish belong to the I Millennium BC since then, kimchi has not come out of the Korean diet.
Today in Korea holds an annual kimchi festival, which features over 170 varieties of this product differ in the amount of ingredients and the manufacturing region. There are several museums dedicated to him. The collective culture of Korea at the cooking kimchi is on the list of intangible cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO.
In addition to kimchi, Korean cuisine is replete with various dishes of vegetables, meat, fish and, of course, rice. Due to the large amount of pepper it may seem that Korean cuisine exclusively red, but this is not so. Following the principles of Taoism and Confucianism, Korean dishes combine the five basic colors – red, white, black, green, yellow. It is their harmonious combination and makes Korean dishes Continue reading
In the Pacific ocean, on the four Islands with a total area of about 400000 square kilometers, is one of the most beautiful countries Japan. Civilization inhabiting this country, developing for more than 2.5 millennia and today is considered one of the most highly developed. Let’s look at what’s good about Japan and why its customs and traditions attract tourists.
History of Japan began in the 7th century BC, when, as stated in the give, on the throne of the first Emperor, whose name was Jimmu. If you believe all those legends of old, the initiator of the coronation of this man was the goddess of the sun named Amaterasu. For more than a Millennium the country was ruled by emperors, sitting on a throne in the beautiful city, Kyoto.
While the Emperor and his entourage enjoyed a luxurious life, the rest of the country sliding deeper into poverty, resulting in people increased the degree of discontent and rebellion the country was saved only by armed squads of governors. In the middle ages, shoguns – governors take power into their own hands with the help of his faithful warriors samurai who respects the service of the owner is paramount. The power of the Shogunate had existed in Japan until the 19th century ad, all this time the country developed in isolation from the rest Continue reading