Cold steel Japan
Especially interesting from the point of view of the development and use of bladed weapons is Japan. Enough to throw a timid, shallow look at the history of the Japanese state to understand the fact that the entire ancient history of the country is one big bloody battle. Unlike the continental wars of the dark ages and all the feudal period. the war on the island of Japan was not only a real art, and heavy. First, all the warring parties had the same level of technological development. Secondly, each of the belligerents of the war the Japanese had a similar doctrine of war. Thirdly, technique of warfare and strategy was also about the same.
A glance at the history of bladed weapons of Japan
Melee weapons don’t always dominated on the field of bloody battle in a brutal war of ancient Japan. Before swords and daggers became popular in Japan was the era of bow and spear. Attitude to cold steel in the rising sun country has always been special.
The ancient Japanese believed that swords are bearers of the spirit. Samurai sword is a symbol of one of the oldest cultures of human civilization. Let’s look at what were the types of swords, when and for what purpose they were created. Yes, you read that right! Not all swords were only created for killing enemies. But more on this below.
Katana is a perfect melee weapon with which the warrior immediately sent his enemy to meet the ferry. This sword was created and perfected for centuries. From approximately the fourteenth century katana has not changed. The peculiarity of this cold weapon of the Japanese samurai lies not only in its beautiful finish and elegant form, but also in several other characteristics. The blade of the katana is slightly curved and has a length of 75 inches. Usually do not use a katana for melee.
Tati – the predecessor of the katana. Tati was widespread among Japanese warriors from X to XVII century. The length of the Tachi is the same as katana. The main difference from the katana, the Tachi is that it is easier finished. In addition, bending the blade Tati is not so significant compared to the katana.
Takuto – an ancient Japanese sword. It was widely distributed in II-IV centuries. There are several opinions about the origin of this weapon. One of them says that takuto was not created by the armourers of Japan, and was imported from ancient China. Its length was 1.2 meters. Tekuto originally made of bronze, but with time when using primitive technologies takuto began to manufacture steel. In their structure and form takuto was the usual excessively long blade.
Kozuka is an ancient Japanese knife. Interesting is that it was used in everyday life for household purposes, but if necessary kozuka turned into a deadly throwing weapon.
Naginata is unusual in terms of modern edged weapons. The hilt of the naginata had a length of 2 meters, and the blade is at its end reached a length of 30 centimeters. This weapon was widespread in the seventh century. Naginata was used mainly for training battles.
There are a huge number of bladed weapons of Japan. In the opinion of many historians, some of them fell on the territory of the island nation with near and ancient civilization of China. However, many types of knives was designed by masters of the Armory business closed from external influence in the country.
A brief classification of swords
Classified cold steel Japan extremely difficult. To make classification by various parameters, but in our classification the main indicator will be the length of the blade of the weapon.
Daito is the main weapon of the Japanese samurai. Such swords are very long blade weapons. Refers to Daito katana and the Tachi, which we considered above. Usually the length of a Daito is up to 1.2 meters. The blade of this weapon is only 5 millimeters, which allowed the samurai to easily take off the heads of enemies. It should be noted that Daito had the right to wear only the samurai and aristocrats.
Seto – this weapon has several crucially important differences from Daito. First, the maximum blade length Seto is 70 centimeters. This length was enough for close combat or carrying out of ritual harakiri (suicide). Seto had a right to wear not only samurai, but also traders, craftsmen and other small to know.
The fearsome – huge swords. Used them in open terrain during the bloody battles. Because of its enormous size, fearsome could not be used in close combat or indoors.
It should be noted that Daito and Seto together form a pair, which is called Dyce. It literally means “greater and lesser”.
Despite the fact that originally, according to historians and experts, the cold weapon in the territory of Japan came from China, master of arms island countries were able to reach incredible heights in the manufacture of knives.
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